February 23, 2024

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What is the Third Generation of Computer

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Technology has changed and advanced significantly since the creation of computers. Computer growth and technological progress can be divided into generations, each with some traits that have changed and technological advancements over the age before it. Computers are available in multiple generations:

These generations vary from one another in terms of their design, languages, specifications, operating methods, performance levels, etc. The third generation of computers will be covered in this article.

The Third Generation Of Computer

The third generation of computer is an improvement over the first and second. Between 1965 and 1971, the third generation of computers was in development. Devices are replaced by electronic components in computers of the third generation. The semiconductors that make up a circuit (IC) has hundreds of little transistor embedded in them. The computer becomes much more dependable, quick, low-maintenance, compact, produces less heat, and costs fewer thanks to IC. It was created in 1958 by Fairchild Semiconductor’s Robert Noyce and Texas Instrument’s American electrical engineer Jack Allows for a deeper. Therefore, in comparison to first and second-generation computers, third-generation computers are considerably quicker, more effective, dependable, require less upkeep, and are smaller thanks to us.

Computers of the third generation shorten the processing time. The computing time fell from a femtosecond in the past ones to a nanosecond. Punch cards were supplanted by the keyboard and the mouse in this generation. This generation also saw the introduction of parallel processing computer systems, period, and distant computing. The third generation of computers used high-level programming languages, including BASIC, PASCAL, ALGOL-68, COBOL, and FORTRAN II.

Third-Generation Computer Qualities:

  • The third generation of computers improved on earlier models in dependability, speed, efficiency, cost, and size.
  • High-level programming languages, including BASIC, PASCAL, ALGOL-68, COBOL, FORTRAN – II, and PASCAL PL/1, were used on third-generation computers.
  • Keypads and mice have taken the place of punch cards.
  • Integrated circuits replace separate transistors.
  • The computers have a lot of storage. 

Benefits of Third-generation computers:

  1. Using electronic components reduced the size of the computer (IC). Devices, capacitors, condensers, and other details are all found in a single silicon chip (IC) on a silicon-based substrate.
  2. It consumes fewer resources when operating and creates less hair. As a result, third-generation computers experience more infrequent equipment failure than earlier generations.
  3. Loyalty cards were no longer used in third-generation computers; mice and keyboards now handled input.
  4. They can store a lot of data and produce more accurate results, which makes it easier to compute and keep precise calculations.
  5. Portable computers have faster speeds.

Disadvantages of Third-Generation Computers:

  • Highly advanced technology was needed to produce IC.
  • The upkeep of IC chips was challenging.
  • Air cooling was still necessary for these PCs.

Final Thought

In conclusion, the third generation of computers comprises three significant changes. First, it was becoming possible to make one machine do the job that took many machines before. Second, there were more applications in a third-generation computer than ever before. And lastly, there were new types of input and output devices. These all contributed to an increase in processing power for third-generation computers and set the stage for modern-day technology.

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